Future? What future!
Remember the time when your parents told you about healthy eating habits and you did not pay much heed to them. Probably because you never fully understood how eating right could have anything to do with health issues. And then you grew up, experienced all kinds of health problems and then grasped the importance of eating right and healthy.
This is exactly how it is while teaching young children the abstract concept of future. They often cannot foresee the consequence of their actions for them. Hence it becomes difficult for them to gauge if an act will lead to disastrous results. If you tell a kindergarten child that if he or she does not ‘behave’ properly then he or she will be ‘punished’. To begin with the child may not know what according to you is ‘punishable’ or ’bad’ behavior. For example they may not be able to predict that throwing a sharp pencil at another classmate may hurt him/her. Also the threat of punishment may not come through. They may not fully understand the meaning of ‘teacher will be angry’.
Instead of losing your cool at the child, it is best to seat the child down and reason out with him. Ask them specifically if their intention was to hurt the other child, and how will one feel if one gets hurt. Another brilliant strategy that works with children is asking them if they had to redo the situation, how would they do it differently? This way you are concretizing the goal for them and helping them to think through situations before they act.
This has often worked for me, give it a shot! I would really like to hear your responses if this strategy works for you as well!